This page contains an outline of topics in the Philosophy and Science of Language.

Philosophy and Science of LanguageEdit

Are they two distict things or are they converging towards a unified understanding of language?


  • A Presuppositions of Language
    • 1) Possibility of private language
    • 2) Innate ideas
      • a) Possibility of thought (Fodor)
      • b) Common features of all known languages
        • i Structural features, modes of of representation (Chomsky)
        • ii Metaphysical features: role of particulars, possibility of feature-placing languages (Strawson)


  • A) Grammar
    • 1) Deep structure and surface structure
    • 2 Deep structure and logical form
      • B) Language and other symbolic systems
      • C) Language and interpretation: translatibility, analycity


  • A) Syntax
    • 1) Formal Logic
  • B) Semantics
    • 1) Theories of Meaning ------->>-------------.x connection---y connection
      • a) Meaning and Truth
      • b) names, descriptions, and indexical signs-->>z connection
      • c) Subjects and predicates------------z connection
        • i) z conected = sense and reference, denotatiom and connotation


  • A) types of implication ------>>>>--------------------.x connection
    • 1) Speech act theories---->>>--------------y connection



  • Logic and Philosophical logic.
  • Philosophy of Mind.
  • Epistemology
  • Moral philosophy
  • Linguistics

Science of LanguageEdit

The science of language has been characterized by each scientific sub-discipline making its own attempt to get a handle on part of the phenomenon of human language. This distributed effort has led to a critical need for inter-disciplinary cooperation towards the end of assembling a single coherent understanding of language. An additional challenge for scientific study of language is unification of scientific approaches with the existing philosophical traditions for language studies.

Some key issues in the scientific study of language:

See alsoEdit

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